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Windows Keyboard

Explanation of the Keys on a Windows QWERTY Keyboard

 Q  W  E  R  T  Y 
"The name "QWERTY" for our computer keyboard comes from the first six letters in the top alphabet row (the one just below the numbers). It is also referred to as the "Universal" keyboard. It was the work of inventor C. L. Sholes, who put together the prototypes of the first commercial typewriter in a Milwaukee machine shop back in the 1860's."

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F1
Opens the FrontPage Answer Wizard/FrontPage Help (normally at the right of your screen).

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F5
Refreshes the current window. This icon Refresh (F5) in your Standard Formatting Toolbar performs the same function.

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F6
Moves among panes in FrontPage.

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F7
Spelling

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Shift + F7
Thesaurus

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Tab
Inserts a Tab. Check your preferences for the default spacing for your tabs.

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Caps Lock
Locks the keyboard in "Capitals" mode (only applies to Alpha keys). The Caps Lock key should be used with caution. Using all caps is a usability no-no as many have difficulty scanning text that is all caps. Also, when sending email in all caps, this could be misconstrued as shouting at someone. If you want to style a headline in all caps, use CSS and the text-transform property (.ttu{text-transform:uppercase;}). Then, wrap your headline in a <span class="ttu">headline here</span> element to achieve the desired effect.

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Shift
The obvious use of this key is to allow selection of capital letters when depressing the alpha characters, or selecting the characters above other non-alpha keys.

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Control Key

Ctrl
Depressing the Ctrl key while clicking allows multiple selections. Holding the Ctrl key down and pressing other key combinations will initiate quite a few actions. Some of the more common ones are listed below.

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Ctrl + /
Reveal Tags. This FrontPage Keyboard Shortcut will be one that you'll become intimate with. While in Normal View, the reveal tags command shows all starting and ending html tags. For example, the opening Opening p Tag and closing Closing p Tag tags which are present at the beginning and ending of paragraph elements. While in the reveal tags mode, you can select entire elements by clicking on the opening or closing tags.
Ctrl + / to exit and/or toggle the reveal tags mode.
Note: If you use extensive inline markup, the reveal tags command may not be a usable feature as the page will become cluttered with opening and closing tags.

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Ctrl + *
Show All. This icon Show All in your Standard Formatting Toolbar performs the same function. This FrontPage Keyboard Shortcut is another option you'll become intimate with. While in Normal View, the show all command will show you all ending block level elements with a Ending Block Level Element and you'll be able to see dotted borders for <div>, <table>, <td> and other containing elements.

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Ctrl + A
Select All items

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Ctrl + B
Add or remove Bold formatting. Depending on your configuration of FrontPage, the Ctrl + B will wrap the selected text to be bolded in <b></b> or <strong></strong>.

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Ctrl + C
Copy, places the selected/highlighted copy on the clipboard.

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Ctrl + C + C
Opens the clipboard.

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Ctrl + F
Opens the Find what: dialog box.

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Ctrl + G
Insert Bookmark. FrontPage will wrap the selected element in <a name="bookmark-name"></a>. When naming bookmarks, it would be a good practice to use all lower case and hyphens to separate words. Do not use spaces. FrontPage will warn you if you've used a character that is not valid for use in a bookmark, for example the + symbol is not a valid character.

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Ctrl + H
Replace, brings up the Find and Replace dialog box. Great for global find and replace routines while working in normal and html views in your favorite WYSIWYG editors like FrontPage. You can also use this to find and replace content within your Word Documents, Excel Spreadsheets, etc...

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Ctrl + I
Add or remove Italic formatting. Depending on your configuration of FrontPage, the Ctrl + I will wrap the selected text to be italicized in <i></i> or <em></em>.

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Ctrl + K
Insert Hyperlink.

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Ctrl + N
In most publishing programs like FrontPage, MS Publisher, Word, Quark, etc., opens a New Document.

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Ctrl + O
Open, brings up the Open File browse dialog and allows you to select a file to open. Alt + 2 to go up one level.

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Ctrl + P
Print

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Ctrl + S
Save

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Ctrl + U
Add or remove Underline formatting. The <u> element is  deprecated markup. Can be used with a Loose DTD. We utilize a <span> element to define the underlined characters on this page. For example the word Underline in this definition looks like this in HTML View; <span class="u">U</span>nderline. And then in our external CSS file we have a class named .u{text-decoration:underline;}.

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Ctrl + V
Paste, inserts the copy on the clipboard into the area where your flashing cursorFlashing Cursoris positioned or the area you have selected/highlighted.

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Ctrl + W
Close, will close the document currently open. Hold the Ctrl + W continuously and close all open documents.

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Ctrl + X
Cut, removes the selected/highlighted copy and places it on the clipboard.

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Ctrl + Y
Redo last command. FrontPage offers multiple Redo's by pressing Ctrl + Y + Y + Y...

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Ctrl + Z
Undo last command. FrontPage offers multiple Undo's by pressing Ctrl + Z + Z + Z...

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Ctrl + Esc
Open the Start Menu (or use the Windows Key if you have one).

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Ctrl
While dragging a file to copy the file. You can also select an area and while holding Ctrl, drag the selected area to its destination. This sequence makes a copy of the selected area into the destination area.
Ctrl + Shift
While dragging a file to create a shortcut.

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Ctrl + Shift + Z
Remove Formatting - Use this command when pasting content from Word into a new page in FP. While in Normal View, select the area you want to remove formatting for and then Ctrl + Shift + Z to remove the formatting. This is a neat little feature in FrontPage to strip pasted Word content of most unwanted markup. You may want to view your html just to be sure all markup has been removed. Check your <head></head> for unwanted embedded styles which may occur when pasting content that has styles applied from the source. Our normal cleanup routine is Ctrl + A to Select All and then Ctrl + Shift + Z to Remove Formatting.

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Ctrl + Tab
Toggles between open pages in the FrontPage Editor.

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Alt

Alt
Located on either side of the space bar. Holding the Alt key down and pressing another key will initiate various actions. Some of the more common ones are listed below:
Alt + underlined letter in a menu (i.e. Alt + F + N + P or File > New > Page)
To carry out the corresponding command on the menu. For example, Alt + T + R to Recalculate Hyperlinks in your FrontPage Web. Or, Alt + F + B + P to preview the open page in a browser.
Alt + Space Bar
Displays the current window's system menu. This is the same as left clicking on the FrontPage application icon at the top left of the application window.
Alt + Enter
Displays a selected items properties. For example, select a link and then press Alt + Enter. This will bring up the link properties dialog box so that you can edit the hyperlink.
Alt + Tab
Displays a list of open application windows. Keeping Alt depressed and selecting Tab cycles through the list. Releasing selects the highlighted application window.

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Alt Windows Application Key Ctrl
The Application key has an image of a mouse pointer on a menu (between the Alt and Ctrl keys (Windows Application Key) to the right of your Space Bar). Depressing this key will display the selected item's shortcut window. This is the menu that is displayed by right-clicking.

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Space Bar
Insert a space between words. It is suggested that you utilize Tabs (or other formatting commands) to put distance between elements. Using the space bar to insert visual space works but would not be considered a best practice in page design. FrontPage will normally insert a non-breaking space (&nbsp;) for each space after the first space. Double spaces between sentences are no longer required. This is a carryover from the days of fixed width fonts on a typewriter such as Courier, Orator, Prestige Elite, etc.
Pressing the Space Bar while viewing a web page in Internet Explorer will scroll the page downwards. Shift + Space Bar will scroll the page upwards.

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Enter
Creates a new Paragraph <p> (Hard Return) or what is referred to as a Hard Return in traditional desktop publishing. In any dialog box a selected button or command can be selected by depressing this key. Selected buttons can be recognized by their darker (dotted) borders, or what is referred to as Focus.

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Shift + Enter
Creates a new Line Break <br> (Soft Return) or what is referred to as a Soft Return in traditional desktop publishing.

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Shift + Arrow
Shift + Arrow Up, Down, Left or Right. Position your cursorFlashing Cursorat the beginning of the area you wish to highlight for copying. Now use the up, down, left or right arrow keys to select areas of content to be highlighted, copied, pasted, etc.

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Backspace
While working with text and/or other elements, use the Backspace key to delete characters and/or elements to the left of the insertion point.

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Home
Depress and hold the Ctrl key as you select Home to go to the first line of a document. Press just the Home key to go to the beginning of a selected line.

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Page Up
Use the Page Up key to move up one full screen on a page. This works in any view.

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Delete
While working with text, use this key to delete characters to the right of the insertion point. This key can also be used to delete selected files.

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End
Depress and hold the Ctrl key as you select End to go to the last line of a document. Press just the End key to go to the end of a selected line.

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Page Down
Use the Page Down key to move down one full screen on a page. This works in any view.

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Up Arrow
Navigate in a document to the line above. Hold the Ctrl key down as you press this key to move to the beginning of the second line above.

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Right Arrow
Navigate in a document one character to the right. Hold the Ctrl key down as you press this key to move one word to the right.

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Down Arrow
Navigate in a document to the line below. Hold the Ctrl key down as you press this key to move to the beginning of the second line below.

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Left Arrow
Navigate in a document one character to the left. Hold the Ctrl key down as you press this key to move one word to the left.

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Here is a link to a picture of a clickable Windows Keyboard with detailed explanations of each key. Use your back button to return to this page.

Windows Keyboard


 

F1 F5 F6 F7 Backspace Tab ctrl + W ctrl + Y ctrl + U ctrl + I ctrl + O Caps Lock ctrl + A ctrl + S ctrl + F ctrl + G ctrl + H ctrl + K Enter Shift Shift ctrl + Z ctrl + X ctrl + C ctrl + V ctrl + B ctrl + N ctrl Alt Space Bar Alt Application Key ctrl Home Page Up Delete End Page Down Up Arrow Left Arrow Down Arrow Right Arrow
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